FEED THE FUTURE NIGERIA LIVELIHOODS PROJECT
FEED THE FUTURE NIGERIA LIVELIHOODS PROJECT.
Feed the Future is a 5 year (2013-2018), $20M USAID funded intervention targeted at growing local economies and improving livelihoods of over 42,000 households who are mostly small holder farmers and vulnerable members of the communities cutting across 3 states of Sokoto, FCT and Kebbi. The Project is being managed by Catholic Relief Services with 8 other indigenous CSOs as sub-grantees. The Project comprises 4 intermediate results (IR) areas namely:
2. Income Generation
4. Cash Transfer/ Governance and Livelihoods.
The African Centre for Leadership, Strategy and Development is implementing the Nutrition and Cash Transfer/Governance/Livelihoods components of the Project in Birnin-Kebbi LGA of Kebbi State. Our work has helped to improve the standard of living of the over 1,222 households we work with in Kebbi state through our Cash Transfer and Livelihoods interventions as well as enhancing their nutritional status. We have also helped to improve the LGAs capacity by strengthening their organizational capacity and managerial competencies.
The Specific objectives of our mandates is to eventually lift the beneficiaries especially the very vulnerable members out of poverty by guiding through the processes of livelihoods planning, economic empowerment and improving their nutritional status.
Strengthening Civic Engagement and Advocacy for Effective Natural Governance in Nigeria (#DoMiningRight)
Strengthening Civic Engagement and Advocacy for Effective Natural Governance in Nigeria is a project implemented by African Centre for Leadership, Strategy & Development (Centre LSD) and funded by Open Society Initiative for West Africa (OSIWA).
Project Duration: the project duration is the twenty-eight month which commenced 15th May 2016 to 15th September 2018.
Overall Project Objective: The aim of the project is to strengthen civic engagement and advocacy for effective natural resource governance in Nigeria.
Nigeria is a country of paradox with widespread poverty. It is the largest economy in Africa, but it is ranked very low in all socio-economic and development indices. It is rated among the most corrupt countries in the world by Transparency International. These development and governance deficits remain rife despite the country’s immense natural resources especially with regards to oil and gas; and solid minerals. Nigeria is the 6th world producer of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) and the second largest in the African continent. Globally, the country is one of the top 10 countries (ranking 7th) in the world in terms of proven natural gas reserves. The quantity of natural gas in Nigeria is estimated to be more than twice the quantity of crude oil. It is estimated that the country’s reserve production ration is about 120 years compared to that of crude oil of 42 years.
It has been documented that the country has a lot of mineral resources deposited in nearly every state of the federation, but the solid mineral sector is not very well developed and has not contributed much to the larger economy. For instance, the sector accounted for a meagre 0.02% of the total exports earnings and 0.14%of new employment in the country by the end of 2012. Being a major source of revenues from exports, the natural resources sector (especially the oil and gas sector) is plagued with a lot of challenges. In the oil and gas sector, the government is losing a lot of revenues due to crude theft, deferred production due to destruction of production facilities and crude loses resulting from sabotage and pipeline breakages and underpayment of taxes and royalties. Over the years the sector has also become regarded as a cesspool of corruption. According to the 2012 Nigeria Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (NEITI) audit, there was unresolved difference with respect to financial flows of USD $47.476 million. There are always reconciliation issues between the main operators such as DPR, NNPC, companies and terminal operators records which has persisted till date. Government revenues from the 2013 NEITI Audit of the Solid Minerals Sector showed an increase for N31.45 billion in 2012 to 33.86 billion in 2013. Out of this sum, only the sum of 30.26 billion was fully reconciled.
There is evidence that countries rich in natural resources perform poorly, suffer high risk of corruption, conflict and political instability in what has now become popularly known as ‘resource curse’. Many resource dependent countries – including Nigeria, Angola, and other resource producers in Africa and Latin America, appear predestined for instability. However, evidence from countries such as Botswana, offer hope that resource dependent developing countries can use their resources to catalyze sustainable development.
The problem of poor natural resource management manifests in various ways. In the oil and gas sector for instance, there are no mechanisms to verifiably measure the volume of oil at the point of production i.e. the well head. There is no independent, objective and fair oversight of the sector. There is serious environmental degradation. There is serious environmental degradation. There re no regular independent audits to international standards. Even when there are reports on the environment such as the UNEP report, the recommendations are not implemented, except for the current launch of the clean-up of Ogoni land. There are controversies over what appropriate fiscal regime is fair, equitable and will allow for growth on investment in the oil and gas sector. There are also a lot of issues with oil contract and license allocation.
In the solid minerals sector, there are discrepancies in receipts and payments, lack of implementation of regulatory framework, inadequate supervision and failure of mining companies to fulfil statutory requirements. The Nigerian Minerals and Mining Act, 2007 is not being implemented. The solid mineral sector contributes only 0.34 percent of GDP. Other challenges in this sector include poor infrastructure, insufficient geological data, illegal artisanal mining, weak institutional capacity, environmental degradation and community challenges. While government is very keen in reforming the sector, it does not possess all the skills required to drive such an ambitious reform.
After almost five decades of oil production which earned Nigeria billions of dollars, Nigeria remains home to one of the largest population of poor people in the world. Corruption in Nigeria, has become legendary, mostly fueled and sustained by the opaque oil industry. A number of reasons had been adduced for the failure of the previous government to firmly resolve the governance issues around the management of the natural resource sector. The primary reason is the apparent lack of political will on the part of the government in power to address the problems head-on. The governance context has dramatically changed. While we had a government during the previous project that had no interest in reforming the sector, it is pretty clear that there is determination and zeal to overhaul the sector under the current administration.
The exuberance of urgent reform by the government in itself is problematic. This makes having an alternative and objective voices to interrogate the steps that government wants to take and collating CSO feedback crucial. Currently, that does not exist. We are, therefore, presented with a unique opportunity to engage the reform of natural resource governance framework which is at the core of Nigeria’s economic survival, with a particular focus on Ebonyi, Ekiti and Taraba states respectively. The urgency of an organized and articulated CSO voice in current realities of Nigeria reform effort will greatly benefit from collaboration and proactive engagement which this project proposes. If we don’t fill this gap, it may be difficult to actively input on what is going to be a major reform in oil and gas and solid minerals sector in Nigeria.
Social Media Platform:
Landing Page: centrelsd.org/dominingright
Voice to the People (V2P) Project
Voice to the People (V2P) is been implemented by African Centre for Leadership, Strategy and Development and funded by Christian Aid with support from UKAID. The project focuses on four critical areas: health, education, infrastructure and agriculture.
Project duration: the project duration is in two cycles, the first was from 2013 – 2015 in Anambra State and the second is 2016 – March 2018.
Project goal: making governance work for the poor and marginalized people
Voice to the People (V2P) is a good governance programme supporting communities in Kaduna state and the Southeast region of Nigeria to take ownership of their own development by raising their voices to demand the rights and services to which they are entitled, driving accountability among their leaders and taking part in the decision-making processes that affect their lives. Funded by UK aid, V2P began in Anambra state in 2013 and worked directly with more than 85,000 people while indirectly reaching 2.5 million. Its remarkable achievements in supporting communities to tackle the high levels of poverty through the demand for improved social services for poor and excluded groups led to its extension into the rest of the Southeast region and Kaduna state in 2016.
Social Media Platforms:
Achieving a Healthy and Sustainable Environment in the Niger Delta project (#CleanUpNigerDeltaNow)
Achieving a Healthy and Sustainable Environment in the Niger Delta project is being implemented by African Centre for Leadership, Strategy and Development and funded by CordAid.
The goal of this project is a healthy and sustainable environment in the Niger Delta by 2020.
•To collaborate with the media to monitor the implementation of the UNEP report.
•To advocate for stakeholder participation in the implementation of the UNEP report.
•To mobilize citizens to support the implementation of the UNEP report.
•To create a platform for stakeholder interaction on the implementation of UNEP report.
There is no gainsaying the fact that nature has done its part by freely depositing valuable treasures as life support systems in the Niger Delta. What remains missing is that the Nigerian nation-state is yet to play her role to overcome, tame and nurture the harsh environment to ensure the overall well-being of the people of the Niger Delta region and by extension the nation at large.
The swamps and mangrove forests in the Niger Delta have lost their essence. The people of the area have continued to complain bitterly about mass poverty, hunger and disease, environmental degradation and loss of their traditional means of livelihood.
The above makes the clean-up imperative. The reason is not necessarily that the oil from the region constitutes the mainstay of the Nigerian economy, but because addressing the issues of the Niger Delta will help to address the broader Nigerian problems. Without social justice, there will be no peace in the Niger Delta and socioeconomic development will continue to elude the region. This and many others are wrapped up for delivery in the clean-up as the plan, devised by UN engineers, oil companies and the government, will involve building a factory to process and clean tens of thousands of tonnes of contaminated soil.
There will also be a mass replanting of mangroves. It is expected that many young Niger Deltans will be offered jobs, with several hundred engineers possibly being trained abroad, middle-level jobs and monitors recruited and a few thousand jobs for manual workers.
Social Media Platforms:
Landing page: centrelsd.org/cleanupnigerdeltanow
Capacity building for Youth interested in political office in the Niger Delta (#YouthsCanLead)
The idea of youth participation in politics has become a popular part of the contemporary political talk in every part of the world except Nigeria and particularly in the Niger Delta where one can note that youth participation in governance often end at the polls and during electioneering campaigns where youths are only used at their own detriments. Apart from the fact that there is little or no consideration for youths’ participation in the election, the few opportunities that exist for the youths are also hijacked by the older generation. Although the United Nations defines youth as a person between the age of 15-24, Political parties in Nigeria have redefined this age bracket. For example, the last election of a youth leader by the People’s Democratic Party was a 60 years old man. The instability, crime, corruption and underdevelopment of the Niger Delta region of Nigeria is clearly linked to the poor governance regime. Youth constitute the backbone and the future of any region. The progress and future development of any region depend on the youth. It is in the recognition of the need to build the capacity of the youth to engage and participate in elective and appointive positions that the African Centre for Leadership, Strategy and Development (Centre LSD) is focusing on the project to build the capacity of youths interested in political offices in the 3 states of Edo, Delta and Bayelsa in the Niger Delta.
Social Media Platforms:
Landing page: centrelsd.org/youthscanlead